The Big Picture of Federal Performance Management


This chart illustrates key aspects of the relationship between the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (GPRA) and other federal management laws, policies and initiatives.  For information on implementing performance management in government agencies, see the Peformance Management Framework table by scrolling down the CASCADE software page.

GPRA (with its recent updates by the GPRA Modernization Act of 2010) is the centerpiece of a comprehensive set of federal government management reforms. Taken together, these reforms aim at establishing within each agency an effective system of performance management that promotes accountability for results. At the very core of these reforms is the GPRA requirement that each agency have a Strategic Plan defining the long-term general goals and objectives that its programs should accomplish. Derived from this plan is the agency's Annual Performance Plan specifying the measurable goals that should be achieve in the coming year, in order to be on track to achieve the long-term goals. Throughout the budget year there are required to be at least quarterly performance updates that track progress toward the priority goals, and after the close of the fiscal year a Performance Report must be published indicating actual results compared to the original goals.